Several studies have reported the production of ZrO2 nanomaterials


What is ZrO2?

In this study, ZrO2 nanomaterials were produced as powders or thin films through solution-based processes, i.e., a hydrothermal method assisted by microwave irradiation and solution combustion synthesis. The microwave-synthesized powder was further calcinated at 800 ◦C for 15 min under atmospheric conditions. The ZrO2 nanomaterials were characterized by XRD, Raman spectroscopy, SEM coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and focused ion beam (FIB) and TEM. The thermal behavior of the nanopowder produced under microwave irradiation was investigated through in situ XRD, and these powders had their optical properties assessed through PL and PLE at RT. The ZrOx thin films produced by the solution combustion synthesis were further tested as capacitors. The ZrO2 nanoparticle synthesis route was adapted from ref. In a typical synthesis, 50 mL of an aqueous (aq.) solution of 0.2 M of zirconium (IV) oxynitrate hydrate is mixed with 50 mL of an aq. Solution of 0.4 M sodium hydroxide (Labchem, CAS: 1310-73-2, NaOH). The reagents were used without any further purification. The 100 mL solution was left to stir for 30 min. The molar ratio of zirconium precursor and sodium hydroxide was kept at 1:2. Microwave synthesis was then carried out with a CEM microwave digestion system, Matthews, NC, USA (MARS one), and the applied microwave parameters were 1000 W, 230 ± 10 ◦C and 25 min. Afterward, the previous solution was equally distributed into Teflon vessels of 75 mL (each vessel containing 20 mL of solution). Subsequently, the centrifugation of the resultant nanopowder was performed for 3 min at 4750 rpm and washed three times alternately with deionized water and isopropyl alcohol (IPA). Finally, the nanopowder was dried in a desiccator at 60 ◦C for five h. The yield was around 0.77 g of nanopowder/batch.


Several studies have reported the production of ZrO2 nanomaterials

Several studies have reported the production of ZrO2 nanomaterials using sol-gel, particularly solution combustion synthesis, which is included in the sol-gel method. Solution combustion synthesis is an attractive technique for the preparation of ZrO2 nanopowders and thin films, owing to its simplicity, energy and time savings, cost-effectiveness, versatility, higher purity compared with conventional sol-gel methods, low synthesis temperatures, and compatibility with flexible substrates and large scale production. The synthesis of ZrO2 nanomaterials using the hydrothermal method assisted by microwave irradiation has also been growing exponentially over recent years, mainly due to its several advantages, such as volumetric heating (the entire volume of solution is evenly heated instead of relying on heat diffusion processes across the reaction vessels). The reaction times can be shorter as it is possible to synthesize nanostructures in just a few minutes. Furthermore, it also allows accurate control of particle morphology and size by adjusting the microwave parameters. Upon optimization of the synthesis parameters, such as temperature, pH, time, and zirconium oxide precursors (e.g., zirconyl chloride, zirconyl hydroxide, zirconyl nitrate hydrate, and zirconium alkoxides), different ZrO2 phases can be obtained. Solution-based ZrO2 nanomaterials are a highly appealing alternative to physical methods due to their process simplicity, high throughput, reduced equipment cost since no vacuum-based systems are required, and the possibility to fabricate optoelectronic devices, even at low temperatures and by using green solvents. As indicated, a broad range of solution-based synthesis methods have been developed to prepare ZrO2 nanomaterials; however, solution combustion synthesis and hydrothermal synthesis/microwave irradiation are typically preferred, so these techniques are presented in this work. The same zirconium precursor (zirconium (IV) oxynitrate hydrate) was used in both synthesis techniques.


Several studies have already reported the dielectric properties of the ZrO2

Several studies have already reported the dielectric properties of the ZrOx films produced by different solution-based processes. For instance, Seon et al. fabricated ZrO2 films via a non-hydrolytic sol-gel route at low temperatures, using 2-methoxyethanol (2-ME) as a solvent, with further annealing at 300 ◦C. The solution precursors chosen were zirconium chloride and zirconium isopropoxide, which were prepared in equimolar amounts and acted as a metal halide and a metal alkoxide. A breakdown voltage greater than 4 MV cm−1, a high dielectric constant (near 10), and a low leakage current density of 5 × 10−8 A cm−2 at a field of 1 MV cm−1 were obtained. Another study by Gong et al. showed that a low-temperature annealing treatment at 160 ◦C could produce high-quality amorphous ZrO2 dielectric films via a low-cost solution process. This study prepared a solution using zirconium (IV) acetylacetonate as zirconium precursor and N-dimethylformamide as a solvent. Hydrolysis and condensation reactions occurred during stirring of the solution for 32 h at 90 ◦C. The films exhibited a leakage current of 3.6 × 10−5 A cm−2 at −3 V, a capacitance of ~117.1 nF cm−2, and a dielectric constant 7.8, both at 1 KHz. Wang et al. also fabricated high-κ ZrO2-dielectric films using a lightwave (LW) irradiation-induced chloride-based low-temperature solution route. Results demonstrated a great capacitance of 270 nF cm−2, a high dielectric constant of 14.1 (at 100 Hz), and a low leakage current of 7.6 × 10−8 A cm−2, under 2 MV/cm. The superior performance was attributed to the effective formation of the metal-oxygen (M-O) framework that eliminated oxygen defects. Another study by Jung et al. demonstrated the fabrication of ultrathin ZrOx films by deep ultraviolet irradiation, which revealed a leakage current density as low as 10−11 A cm−2 at 1 MV/cm, a capacitance of 260 nF cm−2 (at 1 MHz), high dielectric constant (22) and good breakdown voltage (around 6 MV/cm). In addition, Luo et al. prepared high-quality ZrO2 films using an oxygen-doped precursor solution (ODS). The ODS-ZrO2 films showed a low leakage current density of 10−7 A cm−2 (at 2 MV/cm), high breakdown electric field (7.0 MV/cm), and dielectric constant 19.5. However, the challenge still relies on fabricating metal-oxide films with a high-quality surface (a smooth surface with a dense network) at a low temperature and through a simple approach to guarantee a low leakage current density and high breakdown field.


Price of ZrO2

ZrO2 particle size and purity will affect the product's Price, and the purchase volume can also affect the cost of ZrO2. A large amount of large amount will be lower. The Price of ZrO2 is on our company's official website.


ZrO2 supplier

Mis-Asia is a reliable and high-quality global chemical material supplier and manufacturer. It has over 12 years of experience providing ultra-high quality chemicals and nanotechnology materials, including ZrO2, nitride powder, graphite powder, sulfide powder, and 3D printing powder. If you are looking for high-quality and cost-effective ZrO2, you are welcome to contact us or inquire any time.

Inquiry us

Our Latest Products

CAS No. 557-05-1 40% Water-based Zinc Stearate Zinc Stearate Emulsion

Product DescriptionProduct Description Description of zinc stearate emulsionZinc stearate emulsion is easy to disperse in water, has ultra-fineness, good dispersion compatibility. Zinc stearate emulsion has the characteristics of lubricating and deli...…

China factory cheapest price lightweight concrete wall panel making machine large hydraulic cement foaming machine equipment

Product performance of TR-40 Cement Foaming Machine1. The shell is made of high-strength precision thickened steel plate, painted twice, which is durable.2. The slurry output is uniform and stable, the density of the foam concrete finished product i...…

TR30 huge CLC concrete foam generator cement foaming machine Integrated machine for pouring light steel keel and structural wall

Company Profile Luoyang Tongrun Info Technology Co., Ltd. is committed to technology development, applications of nanotechnology and new material industries, with professional experience in the nano-technology research and developmen...…

0086-0379-64280201 skype whatsapp