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What is Molybdenum disulfide?

Molybdenum disulfide is the main component of molybdenite. It is a black solid powder with a metallic luster. Its chemical formula is MoS2, the melting point is 2375°C, the density is 4.80g/cm3 (14°C), and the Mohs hardness is 1.0~1.5.
Molybdenum disulfide properties
Molybdenum disulfide begins to decompose at 1370°C and decomposes into metallic molybdenum and sulfur at 1600°C. When heated at 315°C in the air, it begins to be oxidized. The temperature rises and the oxidation reaction accelerates. Molybdenum disulfide is insoluble in water, dilute acid, and concentrated sulfuric acid, generally insoluble in other acids, alkalis, and organic solvents, but soluble in aqua regia and boiling concentrated sulfuric acid. Slowly oxidized at 400 ℃ to generate molybdenum trioxide:
2MoS2+ 7 O2→ 2 MoO3 + 4 SO2
Molybdenum disulfide can be used to test the molybdenum trioxide produced with titanium iron reagent. First, the product is treated with sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide solution (the principle is to convert molybdenum trioxide into molybdate), and then the titanium iron reagent solution is added dropwise, which will react with the generated sodium or potassium molybdate to produce gold Yellow solution. This method is very sensitive, and trace amounts of molybdate can be detected. And if there is no molybdenum trioxide generated, the solution will not produce golden yellow, because molybdenum disulfide does not react with sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide solution.
Molybdenum disulfide can react with chlorine when heated to produce molybdenum pentachloride:
2 MoS2+ 7 Cl2→ 2 MoCl5+ 2 S2Cl2
Molybdenum disulfide and alkyl lithium react under control to form the intercalation compound LixMoS2. If it reacts with butyllithium, the product is LiMoS2.
Molybdenum disulfide has a high content of active sulfur, which is easy to cause corrosion to copper. It is discussed in many books and papers on lubricant additives. In addition, when the parts made of copper and its alloys need to be lubricated, it is not impossible to use molybdenum disulfide lubricating products, but also to add copper corrosion inhibitors.
Molybdenum Disulfide applications
Molybdenum disulfide is diamagnetic, can convert linear photoconductors and semiconductors with P-type or N-type conductivity, and has the functions of rectification and energy conversion.
Molybdenum disulfide can also be synthesized as a catalyst for hydrocarbon dehydrogenation.
Molybdenum disulfide is also known as "the king of advanced solid lubricants".
Molybdenum disulfide is a solid powder made from natural molybdenum concentrate chemically purified by changing the molecular structure.
Molybdenum disulfide has good dispersibility and does not need to be added. It can be added to various greases to form a colloidal state and will never replace it, thereby increasing the lubricity and extreme pressure of the grease.
Molybdenum disulfide is also suitable for high temperature, high pressure, high viscosity and high load mechanical working conditions to extend the service life of the equipment.
The main function of molybdenum disulfide as a friction material is to reduce friction at low temperatures, increase friction at high temperatures, and reduce combustion loss. Easily volatilize in the friction material.
Anti-friction: The size of disulfide particles formed by supersonic jet pulverization can reach 325-2500 mesh, the particle hardness is 1-1.5, and the friction coefficient is 0.05-0.1, so it can be used in friction materials to take advantage of the anti-friction effect.
Molybdenum disulfide Supplier
TRUNNANO (aka. Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd.) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12 years of experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials. Currently, our company has successfully developed a series of materials. Molybdenum disulfide produced by our company is of high purity and good quality. Send us an email or click on the needed products to send an inquiry.
 
 
 

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