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The first carbon dioxide cold trap on the moon was confirmed

wallpapers News 2021-11-26
The first carbon dioxide cold trap on the moon was confirmed
According to a recent report by the physicist organization network, after decades of research, American scientists have confirmed for the first time that there is a cold trap that may contain solid carbon dioxide on the moon. This discovery may have a significant impact on future lunar missions and is expected to help robots or humans to settle on the moon for a long time.
The researchers explained that many years ago, planetary scientists predicted that the temperature of the permanent shadows at the poles of the moon would be lower than the temperature of the coldest area of Pluto. There may be cold traps of carbon dioxide. In these cold traps, even at the highest temperature in the lunar summer During this period, carbon dioxide molecules may also be frozen and remain solid. The latest research confirmed its existence and mapped it for the first time.

To find the coldest point on the moon's surface, the researchers analyzed the temperature data obtained by the "Fortuneteller" lunar radiometer for 11 years, which is an instrument on the NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. Studies have shown that these cold traps are concentrated in several areas around the lunar south pole, with a total area of 204 square kilometers, and the largest is located in the Amundsen crater with an area of 82 square kilometers. In these areas, the temperature continues to stay below minus 231°C.
The researchers said that the presence of these carbon dioxide cold traps on the moon does not guarantee the existence of solid carbon dioxide on the moon, but the latest findings do make it very possible for future missions to find carbon dioxide ice on the moon.
In the future, humans or robots that land on the moon can use the solid carbon dioxide in these cold traps to produce steel, rocket fuel, and biological materials to stay longer on the moon. In addition, carbon dioxide and other potential volatile organic compounds can also help scientists better understand the sources of water and other elements on the moon, because carbon dioxide can act as a tracer of the lunar surface water and other volatile sources, helping scientists understand how they are. Reaching the moon and the earth. In addition, it can also help scientists explore what kind of molecules can be naturally produced in such a harsh environment.
 

Tag: carbon dioxide   moon