Germanium oxide mainly used to make metal germanium and also used as spectral analysis and semiconductor material
An overview of
Germanium dioxide can be described as an inorganic compound having the molecular structure GeO2. This is germanium's dioxide. It has the same electronic formula as carbon dioxide. It can be either a powder white or a crystal colorless. You can choose between two types of hexagonal system: the slightly insoluble (stable at lower temperatures) or insoluble tetragonal system. The temperature at which the transformation occurs is 1033. It's used mostly to make metal germanium.
What is the acidity or alkalinity of germanium oxide?
In reality, it's weakly acidic. Amphoteric oxides are oxidized tin, germanium and lead. Edexcel seems to exclude tin oxide from the specification, but this may make it more relevant.
Germanium dioxide can be toxic at low doses but it is neurotoxic in large amounts.
Germanium dioxide may be added to certain dietary supplements or "miracle cures" as an alternative. High doses cause germanium poisoning.
Is germanium dioxide amphiphilic?
Germanium monoxide GeO (or germanium oxide) is made from a combination of germanium dioxide and oxygen. Is germanium dioxide ionic? Germanium dioxide (also known as germanium, germanium, and germanium salt) is an organic compound that has the chemical composition GeO2. It's ampholy-soluble in acid, to create germanium (II), salt, and soluble with alkali to produce "trihydro germanate" (or "germanate") or "germanate", containing Ge (3ion).
Is there a structure for germanium oxide?
Hexagonal Crystals share the same structure and structure as B quartz. The structure of germanium in hexagonal crystals is four-coordinated. Tetragonal Crystals contain a super-quartz structure, called rutile. In which case, six-coordinated Germanium. High pressure can transform germanium dioxide into another form. The rutile structure of germanium dioxide may be transformed into an amorphous structure. Germanium dioxide with the rutile structure of germanium dioxide is less soluble than hexagonal germanium dioxide, and it is easier to dissolve in water. At 1000oC, you can make germanium monoxide by heating germanium dioxide with germanium powder together.
How does germanium oxide get made?
Germanium dioxide also serves as a catalyst in the production of polyethylene triephthalate resin (and other germanium compounds). It can be used in the manufacture of certain semiconductor and phosphor materials.
You can make it by heating, oxidizing or melting germanium trichloride. As a raw material, metal germanium, and other germanium compounds can be used for the production of poly. They can also produce optical glasses phosphors that can be used as conversion catalysts in petroleum refining.
In addition to being a catalyst for polymerization reaction, germanium dioxide also has a high refractive index. A glass made from germanium dioxide can be used to make wide-angle lenses and cameras. The development of technology has allowed germanium dioxide to be widely used in high-purity metal germanium production, chemical catalysts, pharmaceutical industries, PET resins, electronic equipment, and in other areas such as the pharmaceutical industry. Like organic germanium, it can be toxic so you should avoid taking it.
What uses can you make of germanium dioxide?
Both germanium, and GeO2, its glass oxide, are transparent in the infrared range. This glass is suitable for use in making infrared glasses and lenses for military and luxury vehicles as well as night vision technology for thermal image cameras. GeO2 is a superior infrared transparent and durable glass to other options. It is also suitable for use by military personnel.
An optical material that uses a combination of silicon dioxide, germanium dioxide ("silicon-germanium") as a mix is used for optical fibers. You can control the refractive indices by controlling how many elements are used. Pure silicon has a lower refractive Index and viscosity than Silicon germanium. Germania takes over titanium dioxide from silica fibers.
Germanium dioxide can be used for both the manufacture of polyethylene triterephthalate resin as well as other germanium compounds as a catalyst. It can be used in the manufacture of certain semiconductor and phosphor materials.
Germanium dioxide can be used to inhibit undesirable diatom growth in alga cultures. Because the contamination of fast-growing diatoms typically hinders the growth or competes with original strains, it is often used as an insecticide in the algae culture. The diatoms are able to absorb GeO2 and cause silicon to be replaced with germanium by the biochemical process. However, it is almost ineffective against non-diatom species. The concentration of germanium dioxide in culture media is typically between 1-10 mg/L depending on stage or type of contamination.
As an Anode, a Fast Charge/Discharge Battery and Large-Temperature Batteries with a Germanium Oide Layer on TiCMXene Matrix
For electric vehicles and portable electronic devices, it is essential to have a fast charge/discharge secondary batteries. Germanium has a metallic quality and a simple alloying reaction to lithium. This makes it an excellent choice when you need fast charge/discharge cells. As an industry-available method, we developed a 2D composite electro consisting of a GeO layer that is homogeneous and amorphous and TiC MXenes bonded to it. This was able to accommodate the more than 30% volume change. This allows the MXene-based ultrathin GeO layer to exhibit a restricted isotropic growth due to its stress release. Due to the enhanced e/Li conductivity of both the metallic Ge and the MXene layers, the battery demonstrated excellent charge/discharge performance at a speed of just 3 min (20.0 C). A high capacity retention rate (1048.1 mAh/g) was reached, along with a Coulombic Efficiency (CE), of 99.8% at 1.5 C after 500 cycles. Below 1.0 C the capacity reached 929.6mAh/g, with a CE at 99.6%. After ultralong 1000 cycling (0.02% cycle decay), it was also up to 929.6mAh/g. A nearly doubled capacity, 671.6mAh/g, was received in comparison to graphite (372mAh/g at0.1 C) and 300.5mAh/g under 10.0 C (1000 cycles). Due to the low energy barrier at the interface, an efficient alloying reaction occurs which stops the Li plating from the electrode surface in cold temperatures. Battery's temperature tolerance allows for high capacities, such as 631.6 and 333.9 mAh/g, respectively, under -20 and -40 degrees and 60 degrees after 100 cycles. After 200 cycles, the full-cell battery coupled with LiNiMnCoO (811) showed an impressive capacity of 536.8mA/g. It was also possible to retain a fully-packed pouch cell at a very high capacity after only 50 cycles. These composite displays have a very high rate capacity, high temperature range, scaleable production and low cost, which make them attractive for energy storage applications.
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