Apple acquired Intel's 5G modem division in 2019, heralding a final shift. Earlier that year, Qualcomm and Apple agreed to end a costly modem technology patent dispute. As part of the settlement agreement, Qualcomm received more than $4 billion in compensation.
TSMC is the manufacturer of all iPhone A-series processors and M1 system-on-chips for Mac computers. According to Nikkei News, Cupertino has hundreds of TSMC engineers working with Apple's chip development team. According to reports, the iPhone SoC in 2022 will use TSMC’s 4nm process, and it is said that some iPad models will use 3nm processors in 2023. Nikkei said that the iPhone will achieve a 3nm leap "as soon as possible" next year.